Pregnancy-Associated Diabetes Mellitus and Stillbirths by Race and Ethnicity among Hospitalized Pregnant Women in the United States
In this article, the authors examined national preexisting diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes mellitus prevalence trends by race/ethnicity and the association between these conditions and fetal death.
Southern Medical Journal (SMJ) is an interdisciplinary, multi-specialty Journal, and articles span the spectrum of medical topics, providing timely, up-to-date information for primary care physicians and specialists alike. The SMJ enables physicians to provide the best possible care to patients in this age of rapidly changing modern medicine. Therefore, the readers of the SMJ are an appropriate target for this article.
Racial disparities in preexisting diabetes mellitus (PDM) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remain largely unexplored. Gestational diabetes mellitus and prepregnancy diabetes mellitus are increasing in the United States among minority women, along with an increased prevalence of stillbirths and maternal mortality among women with PDM.
The authors examined national PDM and GDM prevalence trends by race/ethnicity and the association between these conditions and fetal death. At the conclusion of the activity, learners should be better prepared to:
- Describe recent trends and impacts of pre-existing and gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy in the United States;
- Describe racial and ethnic disparities associated with pre-existing and gestational diabetes mellitus in the United States;
- Develop and implement improved evaluation and management processes for pregnant patients with pre-existing or gestational diabetes mellitus.
Southern Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Southern Medical Association designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
AAPA: AAPA accepts certificates of participation for educational activities certified for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ from organizations accredited by ACCME or a recognized state medical society.
AANPCP: The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) accepts AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ from organizations accredited by the ACCME.
For information on applicability and acceptance of continuing education credit for this activity, please consult your professional licensing board. All healthcare professionals who are not MDs or DOs will receive a certificate of participation.
Southern Medical Association (SMA) requires instructors, planners, managers, and all other individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity to disclose conflicts of interest (COI) with ineligible entities within the last 24 months of the development of this activity. All identified COIs are thoroughly vetted and mitigated prior to the release of the activity. SMA is committed to providing its learners with high quality activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of a commercial interest.
The following individuals, unless otherwise noted, have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Jonnae Atkinson, MD, MS
Deepa Dongarwar, MS
Vicki Mercado, BA
Ayleen A. Hernandez, BA
Aisha V. Deslandes, BA
Monica A. Gonzalez, BS
Danielle A. Sherman, BS
Hamisu M. Salihu, MD, PhD
Southern Medical Association/Southern Medical Journal Editorial Staff:
Steven T. Baldwin, MD, SMJ Editor-in-Chief
Jennifer S. Price, MA, Managing Editor
Anita McCabe, Copyeditor
- 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
This course from Southern Medical Association is offered for free to Mocingbird users. Log in or register to take this course.
This activity is designed to be completed within the time designated; learners should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. To successfully earn credit, participants must complete the activity online during the valid credit period noted, following these steps:
- Read the goals and objectives, accreditation information, and author disclosures.
- Login in below to access the article in order to study the educational content and references.
- Online, choose the best answer to each test question. To receive a certificate, you must receive a passing score.
- Complete the activity evaluation and attestation.