Bioterrorism Attacks Involving Pediatric Patients: Preparedness and Early Recognition Are Critical

Due to their anatomic, physiologic, developmental, and behavioral characteristics, children are particularly vulnerable to bioterrorism agents. Symptoms associated with most bioterrorism agents can be difficult to differentiate from common childhood illnesses. It is extremely important that emergency clinicians are able to recognize unusual illness patterns that could distinguish a natural outbreak from a bioterrorism attack. Resources available through government agencies and leading pediatric organizations can aid in diagnosis and treatment. This issue reviews the highest-risk bioterrorism agents and provides guidance for diagnosing and managing pediatric patients who have been exposed to these agents.

Additional Information

EB Medicine
State Relevance: 
Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 4.00 AAFP Prescribed
  • 4.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit
  • 4.00 AOA Category 2-A
  • 4.00 AOA Category 2-B
Course opens: 
Course expires: 


Joelle N. Simpson, MD, MPH, FAAP, FACEP

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences; Medical Director for Emergency Preparedness, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC

Peer Reviewers

Solomon Behar, MD

Attending Physician, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Long Beach Memorial/Miller Children’s Hospital and Children’s Hospital Los Angeles; Voluntary Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, UC Irvine School of Medicine, Long Beach, CA

Stuart A. Bradin, DO, FAAP, FACEP

Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, The University of Michigan; Attending Physician, Children's Emergency Services, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI

Mark X. Cicero, MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Pediatric Disaster Preparedness, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

CME Credits: 4 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™, 4 ACEP Category I Credits, 4 AAFP Prescribed Credits, 4 AOA Category 2-A or 2-B Credits. CME expires 12/1/2021

Specialty CME Credits: Included as part of the 4 credits, this CME activity is eligible for 4 Infectious Disease CME and 1.5 Pharmacology CME credits, subject to your state and institutional approval.

Available Credit

  • 4.00 AAFP Prescribed
  • 4.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit
  • 4.00 AOA Category 2-A
  • 4.00 AOA Category 2-B


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